“When we asked our Burmese contacts, they said that the attacks were happening because their lower-ranking people didn’t know about [the peace talks] . . . They attacked us with 81mm and 84mm shells . . . It is not good,” Raymond Htoo told DVB.

He said the number of clashes each month had risen to about 10. The KNPP signed a ceasefire agreement with the Burmese military in 1995, but the pact fell through after Burmese troops entered the Karenni group’s control area.

“It would be better if they did not carry out these kinds of acts of intimidation, because it is very hard to keep full faith in them,” Raymond Htoo said.

Fresh attempts at peace talks between the rebel group and the Burmese military have failed in the past 10 years, with the last round of discussions abandoned after the former prime minister and military intelligence leader general Khin Nyunt was placed under house arrest in October 2004.